Are you noticing you’re getting better pictures already? Now we’ve learned about the rule-of-thirds and lighting, it’s time to look at how the frame is actually filled.
The frame is everything that will be captured when taking a picture. To tell a good story, your frame needs to be occupied with those things you want the viewer to focus on. It is a common mistake to take a picture where there are too many irrelevant things in the frame. The picture will lack focus, there is no clear story, and there are no visible details. Pity, because it could have been such good picture!
“Okay, so I zoom?”
The cameras most people are carrying with them do not have optical zoom. You will usually only find optical zoom on bigger cameras that have lenses that move in and out. A mobile phone often only has digital zoom because the lens can not move (just look at how thin they are!), digital zoom is nothing more than just cropping the image. Important to note here is that the pixel-quality of the overall picture significantly decreases. But it is not just that, you can not just zoom your way into a good picture.
“So what can I do to get that good shot?”
Move closer and fill the frame, don’t zoom! Use your legs and decide before you take the picture what you want to have in it. The examples below show a picture taken from a distance, and then taken up close to really fill the frame only with what is important. It will really illustrate what I mean. Just notice how many irrelevant things are occupying the frame in the first shots.
“So what do I put in the frame?”
That is entirely up to you and it totally depends on where you are. But when you have doubts about if something should be in the picture, then leave it out. Sometimes you want a mountain in the picture, then make sure you fill the frame with it from top to bottom and side to side. Or sometimes you want to take a picture of a little dog, then get down up close to its height and capture the story.